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Filmklipp der dei omtalar synestesi » Synestetisk design
november 14, 2010 Off

Filmklipp der dei omtalar synestesi

By in Inspirasjon

Fekk tips i frå Birgitte, som gjekk master i design i fjor på KHiO, om dette klippet, der dei snakkar om lyd og fargesynestesi. Frå filmen «and the ship sailed on».

Den typen synestesi som vert omtala her vert kalla for lyd->farge synestesi. Når ein høyrer lyd, som lyden av ei stemme, eller ein tone, vert det framkalla ein fargefornemming hos vedkommande. Forskninga på dette fenomenet har tatt seg opp i frå 1980-åra, då ein endeleg kunne måle hjerneaktiviteten i dei ulike områda i hjernen, som igjen kan seie noko om kor vidt det er reelt eller ikkje.

Frå wikipedia:

Sound → color synesthesia
According to Richard Cytowic, sound → color synesthesia is «something like fireworks»: voice, music, and assorted environmental sounds such as clattering dishes or dog barks trigger color and simple shapes that arise, move around, and then fade when the sound stimulus ends. For some, the stimulus type is limited (e.g., music only, or even just a specific musical key); for others, a wide variety of sounds triggers synesthesia.
Sound often changes the perceived hue, brightness, scintillation, and directional movement. Some individuals see music on a «screen» in front of their face. Deni Simon, for whom music produces waving lines «like oscilloscope configurations—lines moving in color, often metallic with height, width and, most importantly, depth. My favorite music has lines that extend horizontally beyond the «screen» area.»
Individuals rarely agree on what color a given sound is (composers Liszt and Rimsky-Korsakov famously disagreed on the colors of music keys); however, synesthetes show the same trends as non-synesthetes do. For example, both groups say that loud tones are brighter than soft tones and that lower tones are darker than higher tones.

The interest in colored hearing dates back to Greek antiquity, when philosophers asked if the color (chroia, what we now call timbre) of music was a quantifiable quality. Isaac Newton proposed that musical tones and color tones shared common frequencies, as did Goethe in his book, «Theory of Color.» Despite this idea being false, there is a long history of building color organs such as the clavier à lumières on which to perform colored music in concert halls
The first medical description of colored hearing is in a German 1812 thesis. The father of psychophysics, Gustav Fechner reported the first empirical survey of colored letter photisms among 73 synesthetes in 1871, followed in the 1880s by Francis Galton. Research into synesthesia proceeded briskly in several countries, but due to the difficulties in measuring subjective experiences and the rise of behaviorism, which made the study of any subjective experience taboo, synesthesia faded into scientific oblivion between 1930 and 1980.
As the 1980s cognitive revolution began to make inquiry into internal subjective states respectable again, scientists once again looked to synesthesia. Led in the United States by Larry Marks and Richard Cytowic, and later in England by Simon Baron-Cohen and Jeffrey Gray, research explored the reality, consistency, and frequency of synesthetic experiences. In the late 1990s, the focus settled on grapheme → color synesthesia, one of the most common and easily studied types. Synesthesia is now the topic of scientific books and papers, Ph.D. theses, documentary films, and even novels.

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